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2019考研英语:作文写作时词汇升级方法

来源:未知

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时间:2018-09-07

写作作为考研英语的第二大高分题型,对于我们英语过线甚至拿高分具有非常大的作用,因此这个题型是非常重要的。对于大作文而言,其中一个评分标准就是语言多样,那我们怎么做到语言多样呢?有两种方法,一种是词汇多样,一种是句式多样。多样也就是既要有简单的词/句式,也要使用复杂高级的词/句式,那今天我们就来分享一下怎么样使我们大作文的词汇高级起来。下面和寰宇雅思小编一起详细了解一下。

使我们大作文词汇升级的第一种方法是词汇替换,也就是使用同义词或短语来替换简单词。比如以位居写作词汇的“榜首”的think而言,我们可以使用同义词believe, consider, hold, insist, maintain, argue, perceive, emphasize等来替换;对于I think,我们可以使用in my opinion/eyes/mind, for my part, as far as I am concerned, in my point of view, from my perspective/standpoint/viewpoint, according to me等等来替换。对于位居“榜眼”的very,我们可以用badly, highly, totally, greatly, considerably, distinctly, exceedingly, extremely, intensely, overwhelmingly来替换。对位居“探花”的important,我可以替换成vital, significant, critical, essential, crucial, indispensable, irreplaceable,而be important可以替换成play a decisive role,be of great/utmost importance等。

同样,对于非常高频的should,我们可以替换成ought to, be supposed to 等等;对于emphasize,我们可以替换成highlight, stress, pay attention to, place wight on, put emphasis on, give weight/stress to, attach importance to, devote much attention to, underline the importance of, place an enormous premium on;对于for example,我们可以替换成like, say, such as, for instance, take sth for example等等;对于many,我们可以替换成 numerous, countless, innumerable, considerable, a large/great number of, an army of, a sea of, a host of, a multitude of, a wide range of, the vast majority of, a considerable proportion of, an ennnormous number of等等;对于good,我们可以替换成 excellent, perfect, rosy, promising, favorable, positive, impressive, glorious, amazing, brilliant, pleasurable, outstanding, superior, wholesome, beneficial, rewarding等等。

使词汇升级的第二种方法是把单词改为复杂的句式。比如同样对于(I) think,我们可以用状语从句When it comes to me,….替换;也可以用宾语从句hold the view/opinion that…或harbor the idea that….或take the attitude that….替换;也可以用形式主语结构It is universally acknowledged that….或 It is widely shared/believed that….或It is a well-know fact that….或It is a widely belief that…替换;也可以用倒装句There is no denying that…替换。同样,对于emphasize我们可以用被动句式importance should be attached to或 weight should be given to或great attention ought to be devoted to或due attention has to be paid to来替换。 对于for example,我们可以替换成表语从句A case in point is that….或倒装句There is no better example than….等。对于should,我们可以改为形式主语句型It is high time that+从句;或It is high time for sb to do sth.或It is imperative for us to do sth.等。

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