下面是我们在备考雅思过程中经常看到的几个与文化类相关的题目，包括 museum，old buildings，international travel 和 languages 等问题。
· Some people claim that government should fund museums and art galleries.To what extent do you agree or disagree?（政府建造博物馆/艺术馆）
e.g.1: Museums should be built by the government, because the museum is an important part of our culture. So the government should spend money constructingmuseums.
· Should old buildings be destroyed and replaced with modern ones?（旧建筑是否应该被新建筑替代）
e.g.2: International travels can bring many benefits to us. To begin with, we can know more about foreign cultures, which can broaden our horizons. In addition, traveling can promote the development of local economy.
· Do the problems brought by international travel outweigh the advantages?（国际旅游的利弊分析）
e.g.3: Dying out of several languages is harmful for the culture, because language is an important part of culture.
· Several languages are dying out every year. Some people do not think it is important and say that our life will be simpler with fewer languages. To what extent do you agree or disagree?（语言的多样化问题）
e.g.4: Destroying old buildings is harmful for the local culture, because these buildings are an important part of local culture.
回顾上述几个句子，虽然有很多名词，如 museum，travel，language 和 old buildings，但是比较抽象或者是概括的名词只有 culture。
例 如： 在 Wikipedia， 我 们 可 以 查 到，Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies.
所 以， 当 我 们 看 到 museum 或 old buildings 时，我们可以具体到 art works，some rituals，some original tools；
当我们看到 travel 时，我们可以具体到 cooking，shelter，clothing 等等。有了这样的积累之后，在我们写到 widen one's horizon 或 be harmful for culture 时，我们便能够继续写下去。
引出具体化内容的副词或是词组有很多，比如 specifically，to be specific 等。
e.g.1: International traveling should be encouraged greatly since it can widen our views. Specifically, we can see lots of traditional arts while traveling to other countries, which can improve our understanding of locals' lifestyle, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the their culture past, enlarging our horizons.
e.g.2: Museums deserve financial support from the government, since they arealways attached to local culture. Specifically, we can see lots of traditional arts in museums, which can deepen our understanding of ancestors' past, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the our past, enhancing our sense of belonging.
e.g.3: Dying out of certain languages can bring potential negative influence on preserving certain culture, since language is one of the indispensable aspects of a culture. Specifically, via using or learning a language, we can expose ourselves to lots of traditional arts, literature works, which can deepen our understanding of ancestors' past, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the our past, enhancing our sense of belonging.
通过以上段落，不难发现多数文化类题目在写作过程中，我们可以将 culture 具体成 lifestyle，customs，beliefs，traditional arts 或 literature works 等，将这些内容用于 expand horizons 的论证中就可以在一定程度上避免内容空洞，思维跳跃的问题。
International travels can bring many benefits to us. To begin with, we can
know more about foreign cultures, which can broaden our horizons. In addition, traveling can promote the development of local economy.
我们上面已经补充了关于 broaden our horizons 的具体内容，接下来我们再来看一下另外一个 point。很明显，另外的一个 point 中的抽象或概括名词是 economy。An economy is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents（from Wikipedia），所以我们也很容易能够想到被旅游业所推动的经济增长点，如 accommodation，catering，retailing 等。
所以关于 promote local economy，我们可以做出以下扩展：
Traveling can promote the development of local economy. Specifically，as tourists flock in, the extra demand for food, accommodation and other goods or services will boost related industries, generating more job opportunities for local residents and creating revenues for the government.
这样需要具体化的名词在雅思写作过程中我们还会遇到很多，如 happiness，job satisfaction 等，大家可以通过查询 Wikipedia 或相关工具书获得。当然，在写做课堂讲解过程中，也会有大量的补充。总之，通过将名词具体化，利用三部曲，多积累，多应用，小烤鸭们写作一定能打破 5.5 分的魔咒。