Are cars doing more harm than good?


1. Cars are evils resulting from modernization, for they make people suffer rather than enjoy life.

2. Traffic accidents caused by cars not only bring death and injury, but also make people suffer mentally and psychologically.

3. Every year car owners have to pay vast sums to the exchequer: road tax, purchase tax, oil tax, etc. This is a big drain on their resources.

4. Since China has such a large population, the popularisation of private cars will only bring about 123ious social problems.

5. Cars should be done away with. We should try to find a safer means of transport which will bring joy and comfort rather than injury and death.

6. The roads are so often jammed with cars that ambulances and fire engines find it difficult to fulfil their duties.

7. People's hidden frustrations and disappointments are brought to the surface when they drive.

8. Road networks for cars have not only made cities uninhabitable, but also desecrated the countryside.

9. Cars often produce air pollution and fill the cities with unbearable noise.

10. Cars are the cause of traffic accidents. All over the world thousands upon thousands of people are killed or injured every year.


1. Motor cars are highly desirable for obvious reasons. We should recognize this and adapt ourselves.

2. Motor cars enable people to become more mobile. Without cars, the world would still consist of isolated communities.

3. If there are more cars in China's rural areas, people can get to cities more easily. The gap between town and country will become smaller.

4. Possessing a car gives one a much greater degree of mobility, enabling him to move around freely.

>5. The owner of a car is not forced to rely on public transport and is, therefore, not compelled to work locally.

6. Long distances can be covered rapidly and pleasantly.

7. Buses are often crowded and slow, especially during rush-hour. If there are more cars, people can get around more easily.

8. With the popularisation of cars, the suburbs will become more developed, and the downtown area will be less crowded.

9. Cars and motorists are not to blame for road accidents. Problems like too many road signs, faulty traffic lights, sudden narrowing of a street and congested parking are the real cause of traffic accidents.

10. There must be universal adoption of multi-storey and underground car parks so that car-parks won’t become a problem.



The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems? In order to reduce the problems, should we discourage people to use cars?






1. 使用汽车有什么好处?




2. 使用汽车会造成什么问题?






3. 除了限制汽车的使用,有没有别的方法解决这些问题?






Every day traffic seems to get worse on our roads. How can we reduce the number of cars on our roads today? What alternatives can we offer car drivers?

Model Answer:

The more people that there are in the world, the more cars there are on the road. People are richer too and often families have more than one car. It has been proved that building more roads does not work; it just encourages more traffic.

So, what can we do? People like their cars and the freedom and independence that cars give them. One possibility would be to raise car taxes and fuel taxes so that people do not want to spend the extra money. Taxes on new car sales as well could be increased in order to discourage people from buying. Perhaps a used car sales tax could be introduced too. In the same way motorways could have tolls charged for using them although this may just increase congestion on smaller roads as people try and avoid the motorways. The government that introduces such ideas will not be popular though and would probably lose power. Governments would therefore be unlikely to set up such new measures.

Ithink it would be better to try and change people?s attitudes and offer them alternatives. Educate them more about the pollution and waste that they are causing. Persuade them to car share, use public transport or even cycle if the distances are not too long. Countries such as Holland and Denmark are well known for how their citizens are passionate about green issues and how they use bicycles when they can.

Reducing traffic is a difficult task. I don?t think it is possible realistically to reduce car numbers but I do think that we can change people?s attitudes and get them to use different ways of travelling.


The automobile has had a profound effect on modern life. Some of these effects have been positive and others negative. Detail these effects in a 250-word essay.

The automobile has probably changed people's way of life more than any other invention of the last century. More than electric lights, television, air travel, or even computers, automobiles have changed where people live and work, how they make a living, and even how they find a mate.

Before there were cars, people generally traveled on foot or by horse and buggy over unpaved roads. Whether they lived in the city or the country, they rarely went farther than a few miles from home. They saw the same people and places year after year.

The car opened up whole new worlds. Roads were paved, and motorists went to see different parts of the country. Some decided to stay. People with cars could live farther from their jobs, and so the age of commuting began. New suburbs sprang up around the cities. The auto industry boomed, and millions of Americans made a living manufacturing, selling, servicing, or insuring cars.

As more people got cars, your people began driving them. No longer was courtship confined to the girl's front porch, under the watchful eye of her parents. The automobile began the sexual revolution.

Some people believe that commuting, suburban life, and courting in cars are mixed blessings. Whether the changes are good or bad, they seem to be here to stay.