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株洲雅思:解读雅思阅读中的词汇换用

来源:未知

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时间:2020-01-01

在雅思考试备考中我们不难发现,雅思阅读中一篇好的文章用词丰富、句式多变。雅思阅读的文章均摘自西方报刊杂志,属于原汁原味的外文资料,自然也会遵循着以上规律,所以雅思阅读中对词汇的考查万变不离其宗,无非是对同义词、反义词、同根词进行考核。

雅思阅读词汇换用例一:

原文: In Europe, the obstacle has been conservative local authorities and developers who prefer to ensure quick sales with conventional mass-produced housing.

题目:Many developers prefer mass-produced houses because they...

答案:sell quickly

解析:原文和题目中的句意关键词developer, prefer 均相同,但 “housing” 换成了 “houses”, 即同根词的代换。 “they” 指代 “houses”, 又因为 “because” 应该引导从句,所以答案为动词短语。 “quick sales” 对应的动词短语为上述答案, 也就是说答案也是根据同根词替换而来的。

雅思阅读词汇换用例二:

原文:While this includes complex kingdoms, as in Africa, and ancient empires, such as those of the Americas, the primary focus of attention in the twentieth century has been on small-scale societies.

题目:The twentieth-century collections come mainly from mainstream societies such as the US and Europe.

答案:FALSE

解析:原文与题目对比出现了一组反义代换词 “small-scale societies” 和 “mainstream societies”.

雅思阅读词汇换用例三:

原文:Countries all over the world are actively promoting their wilderness regions to high-spending tourists. The attraction of these regions is obvious: by definition, wilderness tourism requires litter or no initial investment.

题目:The low cost of setting wilderness tourism makes it attractive to many countries.

答案:TRUE

解析:low cost=little or no initial investment; “attractive” 为 “attraction”的同根词代换。

雅思阅读词汇换用例四:

原文:In their new location, the beekeeper will pay the farmer to allow his bees to feed in such places as orange groves.

题目: They transport their hives to orange groves where farmers (charge) beekeepers for placing them on their land. Here the bees make honey.

解析:这是剑桥上的一个填空题。不难看出,为了考查词汇,题目对原文进行了同义句转换,但是对主语和宾语进行了调换,所以谓语动词也采用了相应的反义词形式。

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