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雅思大作文评分标准

来源:未知

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时间:2021-05-23

很多同学在准备雅思作文的时候,会把精力放在背单词,背范文例句上。特别是大学生,他们在准备雅思写作考试的时候,会把以前在准备大学四六级作文时背诵的一些优秀句型拿来进行套用。很多人忽视了雅思作文评分标准的第一项,任务回应(Task Response)。下面是小编给大家带来的雅思大作文评分标准详解,希望能帮到大家!

雅思大作文评分标准详解--应题Task Response

任务回应是雅思大作文中非常重要的标准。如果可以使用正确的简单句型来完成这一标准,基本作文分数就会在5.5分,达到大部分人配语言课的最低标准。那这一标准意味着什么呢?让我们来进行详细的解析。

1.Did your answer address all of the points in the question?

中文含义:是否回答了问题中涵盖的内容。(实质为: 避免掉入题干中的逻辑陷阱)

例1:Some people think that physical education should be a compulsory subject at schools. Do you agree or disagree?

很多人拿到题目,匆匆一瞥,就会觉得题目很简单,不就是学校要不要开设体育课么?殊不知,漏看这个题目中的一个重要单词(compulsory 强制的),就让自己和6分说再见了。在这道题中,需要理解成,体育课应该成为学校的强制课程。如果在回答的时候,只是泛泛而谈体育运动的好处,就会导致走题。

结论: 题目中提到的形容词,副词,都是让这个题目与众不同的部分,必须十分小心。

例2:Some people think that media, such as TV and Internet, have more effects on children than parents do. Do you agree or disagree?

学生在读完题目以后,会清楚的理解成媒体对孩子比父母对孩子的影响,你同意还是不同意。然后在写作的时候,学生一般喜欢犯两类错误。第一种,全篇都在独立地描述媒体和父母对孩子的影响,而没有对两部分进行对比。这样的话,就等于完全没有回答题目中的问题。第二种,学生会写到,父母对孩子很好,而媒体不会考虑到孩子的感受。同样,完全没有进行双方对比。

结论:题目中提出关于某一方优势大于另外一方的问题,需要对双方内容进行对比,要不也会造成走题。

例3:Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. To what extent do you agree or disagree.

在雅思考试的题目中,每一个题目的最后一句话,被称为提问方式。很多学生扫一眼就开始答题。事实上,提问方式决定了全文的结构布局。比如,对于提问方式“双方讨论给出你的观点”而言,如果只是提到一个观点,而不涉及另外一个,就属于走题。而对于“在多大程度上你同意还是不同意”,无法给出你明确的同意或者不同意的倾向性,也属于走题。

结论:题目中的提问方式决定了全文的展开方式和内容,需要谨慎对待。但也不需要因此而让文章结构过于死板,只要按照所问,回答相关的问题就可以符合要求。

2.Did you provide a balanced argument and support your ideas with evidence and examples?

中文含义:是否能写出一个比较平衡的论点,并且用证据和例子对自己的观点进行支持。(实质为:避免一边倒;避免观点不展开)

在雅思作文中,不太建议使用“一边倒”的写法,就是只讨论话题的好或者坏。建议是对话题双方进行讨论,完成一个富有critical thinking(批判性思维)的文章写作。

另外,在考试的过程中,只要是观点,就需要进行展开论述。何为展开呢?让我们先看一下六级范文是如何对出国读书进行论述的吧。

To begin with, studying in a developed country enables young people to learn the latest science and technology, to enrich their experiences, to build their minds, to extend their visions and to broaden their horizon.

可以看出,作者对出国读书抱着非常支持的态度,用了一系列的to do的排比,来证明自己的观点。然而,这样的内容,在雅思作文中得不到较高的分数。因为,全部内容都没有展开。那何为展开呢?就是需要在得到某一种结论之前,进行合理的推导。比如,文章中提到出国可以开拓眼界。那就需要解释,什么样的人,去了哪里,用了什么样的方式,如何开拓了眼界。

雅思移民类小作文写作策略详解

★ 任务导航:分值占总分的三分之一,时间20分钟,至少150字,要想获得高分,需要写200字左右,书信写作完全由考生虚拟情节,不仅要求考生具备相当的英语语言能力,还要求考生有一定的生活阅历。书信包括:道歉信、邀请信、求职信、投诉信、感谢信、询问信等。

★ 投诉信:这类书信要求考生对所抱怨的情况进行投诉,表达我的不满并提出要求。

★ 高分秘笈: 思路清晰、语料丰富、书写迅速 。

① Your neighbor always burns rubbish in the garden, causing environmental problems. Write a letter to the residents’ committee. You should express your complaint, describe the effect, and suggest how to solve the problem.

② Several days ago, you bought a CD player at a department store. Today you are surprised to find that it is out of order. Now write a letter to the management of the store and ask them to replace it with a new one.

③ Your neighbor has two dogs and they cause you great trouble every day. Write a letter to the residents’ committee to complain about it.

★ 询问信:这类书信的写作目的是寻求我所需的信息。

★ 写作思路:信息来源,表明兴趣,写信意图,写信背景,就题论事,希望早日收到回复,感谢帮助。

① You learn from a newspaper that there will be an exhibition this Sunday. Write a letter to get more information about it.

② You decide to hold a picnic at park. Write a letter to the manager of the park to inquire about how to rent the place for your picnic.

③ There is private sports club, and you would like to join it. Now write a letter to ask how you can become a member of the club.

★ 感谢信:由于在某地得到收信人的帮助,我写作向对方表示感谢。信中叙事要具体;主要过程要清楚,态度要热情,结尾要再次表示感谢。

① You stayed in a hospital due to illness and received professional care and treatment. After returning home, write a letter to express your appreciation of the professional service of the doctors and nurses.

② You took a short training course in New Zealand and Stayed at a friend’s home. Now you have arrived home and you find that you felt your laptop there. Write a letter to thank them for their hospitality and ask him/her to send you the laptop by mail.

③ You were invited by a local friend to have a picnic and you enjoyed a lot. Now write a latter to express you appreciation

★ 求职信:何时何地从何媒体知道了该消息,个人兴趣,写信目的,介绍个人教育背景,工作经历,爱好性格等。希望给予面试的机会。

① A company is recruiting some workers. Write a letter of application.

② A tourist agency is recruiting a tourist guide. Now write a letter to apply for.

③ There are some vacancies available in a school. Now write a letter to apply for.

移民类的大作文区别于留学类的大作文,但是也有很多题目的交集,比如国际游;单一还是多元职业选择;古老建筑保护,儿童看电视的利弊;人口老龄化等等。但是移民考试类的历来重点集中在儿童教育;电视利弊;女性话题;健康话题;工作话题等,备考的童鞋务必先准备好这些题目的观点句。如果时间紧迫,请先练习第4,8,14,18,20题,祝福考生梦想成真,博取高分。

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