奇怪的是，有的教材过度强调词汇和语法的复杂性，范文用词和语法搞得比雅思阅读文章还要难。很多学生以为这就是 9 分作文，顶礼膜拜。
Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of
society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A child’s education has never been about learning information and basic skills only. It has always included teaching the next generation how to be good members of society. Therefore, this cannot be the responsibility of the parents alone.
In order to be a good member of any society the individual must respect and obey the rules of their community and share their values. Educating children to understand the need to obey rules and respect others always begins in the home and is widely thought to be the responsibility of parents. They will certainly be the first to help children learn what is important in life, how they are expected to behave and what role they will play in their world.
However, learning to understand and share the value system of a whole society cannot be achieved just in the home. Once a child goes to school, they are entering a wider community where teachers and peers will have just as much influence as their parents do at home. At school, children will experience working and living with people from a whole variety of backgrounds from the wider society. This experience should teach them how to co-operate with each other and how to contribute to the life of their community.
But to be a valuable member of any community is not like learning a simple skill. It is something that an individual goes on learning throughout life and it is the responsibility of every member of a society to take responsibility for helping the younger generation to become active and able members of that society.
然后我说：这篇文章共263 个单词，最难的单词是 experience 和 co-operate；最后一段重复使用了 responsibility 这个词。语法也不复杂，最复杂的句子是第三段第二句，有从句的嵌套。这篇作文大家都读得懂，觉得很好模仿吧。那你们告诉我，打几分？
结果绝大多数学生打5～7 分之间，极少数打 9 分。我告诉他们，这篇文章来自《剑桥雅思 8》第163 页考官满分范文。
其实呢真正的9 分评分标准中，词汇根本没要求 less commonlexical items，语法也没要求 complex structures。而是要求wide（广泛）、natural（自然）、sophisticated（老练地道）、full flexibility（十分灵活）和 accuracy（准确）。
同 6 分 的 词 汇 标 准 相 比，7 分 多 了 两 个 要 求：flexibility（灵活性）and precision（准确性）。
灵活性暗示我们在作文中要设置同义词替换。比如：第一段写了 developing countries，第二段就写 these nations，第三段写 poor regions。
7 分和 6 分同时要求：要有 less common lexical items，不普通的、含义较深刻的词汇。比如用 undermine（v. 逐渐破坏）代替 damage；用 dilemma（n. 进退两难的困境）代替 problem。
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
7 分标准：使用多种多样的复合句(uses a variety of complex structures)。那么什么算得上多种多样呢？三种以上在英语中才能称得上 a variety of，所以我们的作文中要写出四种不同的从句。
1.improve people’s living standard 提升人们的生活水平
【例句】The global trade has improved people’s living standard.
2.boost economic development 促进经济发展
【例句】Modern science and technologies largely boost economic development worldwide.
3.keep pace with 并驾齐驱，跟上
【例句】Higher education must keep pace with the fast-paced development of modern science.
4.adapt to 适应
【例句】University graduates should learn to adjust and adapt to social environment.
5.enable sb. to do sth. 使某人能够……
【例句】Listening to music will enable people to feel relaxed.
6.provide sth. for sb. 为某人提供……
【例句】Watching TV and playing video games provide entertainment and pleasure for kids.
7.invest in 投资于
【例句】The governmentshould encourage companiesto invest in exploiting renewable energy.
8.rely on 依赖，依靠
【例句】Many regions of the world rely overly on the tourist industry to develop local economy.
9.make the most of 充分利用
【例句】We should make the most of new technology to improve productivity.
10.relieve stress/burden 减轻压力
【例句】Regular exercise can relieve stress and reduce fatigue.
11.reach the balance between A and B 在 A 和 B 之间达到平衡
【例句】Nowadays, people must learn to reach a healthy balance between work and family time.
12.distinguish between A and B 区分 A 和 B
【例句】Many youngsters lack the capacity to distinguish between right and wrong.
13.be involved in 参与
【例句】Every citizen should be involved in environmental protection.
14.be filled with 充满了
【例句】The newspapers and television are filled with the detailed description of crimes.
15.be addicted to sth. 上瘾，沉迷于
【例句】Now many kids are addicted to playing online games.
16.suffer from 遭受
【例句】Many employees suffer from mental illnesses due to keen competition in the modern workplace.
17.stem from 起源于
【例句】Generally, most crimes stem from poor education and poverty.
18.give priority to sth. 把……放在优先位置
【例句】The government should give top priority to meeting people’s basic needs,such as housing and medical care.
19.raise the public’s awareness of 提高公众的……意识
【例句】The government should raise the public’s awareness of conserving water.
20.enact laws 颁布法令
【例句】The government should enact laws to protect endangered wild animals.