Some people say that the best way to improve public health is by increasing the number of sports facilities. Others, however, say that this would have little effect on public health and that other measures are required. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A problem of modern societies is the declining level of health in the general population, with conflicting views on how to tackle this worrying trend. One possible solution is to provide more sports facilities to encourage a more active lifestyle.
背景句（社会问题），with conflicting views on how to tackle this worrying trend（题目争论）。
A problem of modern societies is the degradation of environment, with conflicting views on how to tackle this worrying trend. One possible solution is to increase the price of fossil fuels.
Advocates of this believe that today’ssedentary lifestyle and stressful working conditionsmean that physical activity is no longer part of either our work or our leisure time. If there wereeasy-to-reachlocal sports centers, we could be more likely to make exercise a regular part of our lives, rather than just collapsing in front of a screen every evening. The variety of sports that could be offered wouldcater for all ages, levels of fitness and interests: those with painful memories of PE at school might be happier in the swimming pool than on the football pitch.
sedentary lifestyle 久坐生活方式
stressful working conditions 高压工作环境
easy-to-reach local sport centres 方便到达的运动中心
collapse in front of a screen 北京瘫
cater for all ages 老少咸宜
宾语从句：Advocates of sth believe that +观点
虚拟语气：If there were…, sb could…
定语从句：sth that could be offered …
When new towns are planned, it is important to build more public parks or sports facilities than shopping centers for people to spend their free time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Advocates ofthe construction of parks and sports facilitiesbelieve that theincreasingly sedentary lifestyleandstressful working conditionsof mostcity dwellersmean that physical activity is no longer part of either our work or our leisure time. If there were easy-to-reach sports facilities and public parks, we could be more likely to spend our leisure time exercising rather than collapsing in front of a screen orstaying plugged into our electronic devices（电子设备不离手）
However, there may be better ways of tackling this problem.Interest in sport is not universal, and additional facilities might simply attract the already fit, not those who most need them. Physical activity could be encouraged relatively cheaply, for example by installing exercise equipment in parks, as my local council has done. This has the added benefit that parents and children often use them together just for fun, which develops a positive attitude to exercise at an early age.
本段回应了题目中的第二个和第三个任务（little effect）+（other measures）。
Tackle = deal with 解决
Install exercise equipment 安装运动设备
Develop a positive attitude to sth 培养积极的心态
倒装结构：However, there may be better ways of tackling this problem.
定语从句：those who most need them….
被动语态：Physical activity could be encouraged relatively cheaply…
定语从句：This has the added benefit that parents and children often use them together just for fun, which develops a positive attitude to exercise at an early age.
As well asphysical activity, high tax penalties could be imposed on high-fat food products, tobacco and alcohol, as excessive consumption of any of these contributes to poor health.Even improving public transport would help: it takes longer to walk to the bus stop than to the car.
1.As well as A, B could… 除了A方法, B方法也可以…
2.Even C would help…甚至采用C也可以…
high tax penalties 高税收
excessive consumption 过度消耗
contribute to poor health 有损健康
improve public transport 完善公共交通系统
被动语态：high tax penalties could be imposed…
原因状语从句：…, as excessive consumption… 因为…
引出第二个方法：As well as A, B could
引出第三个方法：Even C would help: +解释
As well asprice increases,more investment could be made inalternative fuels which are more environmentally friendly and could reduce public demand for fossil fuels.Even encouraging telecommute would help: it could reduce the consumption of petrol by allowing employees to avoid daily traffic.
In my opinion, focusing on sports facilities istoo narrow an approach and would not have the desired results.People should be encouraged not only to be more physically active but also adopt a healthier lifestyle in general.
Sth is too narrow an approach and would not have the desired results
be more physically active 多做运动
adopt a healthier lifestyle 过更健康的生活
In conclusion, focusing on price increases is too narrow an approach and would not have the desired results. Governments should be encouraged not only to invest more in cleaner energy but also implement flextime.