Many people use social media every day to keep in touch with others and know about news events.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

  • 本文题型:单主体议论文,讨论利弊。
  • 本文立场:利大于弊。主体段两段分别用【让步+反驳】的结构针对“keep in touch”和“news events”两个方面。

【段落示范】【让步+反驳:针对keep in touch】

1. Modern media provides its users with easier access to both their beloved ones and strangers by overcoming thegeographicdistance.

* 这一句开门见山,简明指出社交媒体对于保持联系的好处——无视地域距离。

2. Those whoharbour prejudicetoward social media and regard it as the factor ofunderminingface-to-face interaction are actually old-fashioned and evenout of touch, as theypicturethe scenes decades ago when friends and family members contacted with each other by merely typing and receiving messages on a cold screen instead of talking face to face.

* 这句话比较长:who后面点出大多数人认为社交媒体的弊端,通过actually这种小词,进行我方观点的输出(这种想法已经老旧了),再提出具体我方理由:只能打字,限制面对面交流只是过去的情况,为后文现如今的社交科技作铺垫。

3. In fact, things have changed with technologybooming unprecedentedly.

* 转折:提出我方观点的背景——科技迅速发展。

4. Social media nowadays has made it possible for users to chat with each other in thisvirtualworld just like the way they communicate in reality.

* 点出我方主要观点:如今的社交媒体技术使得人们可以像在现实生活中一样在虚拟世界交流,侧面点出:不存在之前的隔阂顾虑。

5. In other words, it is through modern media that people are able to keep in touch by either video-chatting oruploadingphotos especially during the outbreak ofpandemics.

* 举例,同时进一步细化:具体通过哪种手段(视频照片等图像实时交流),使得沟通与现实无差。


1. 内容(Task Response)*** 特别重要 ***

  • 题干隐含一个比较关系,因此本题型下,一定会有反驳(要么好处可以通过其他方式达成,要么坏处可以被避免),才能体现利弊权衡中,有一方更好。
  • 其它,见文中批注。

2. 组织(Coherence and Cohesion)*** 尤其重要 ***

  • 见文中批注。

3. 词汇(Lexical Resource)

  • geographic为形容词,意思是“地理的”。归类于“通用词”。
  • harbour为及物动词,意思是“心怀”。熟词生用。归类于“高光词”。
  • prejudice为不可数名词,意思是“偏见”。归类于“通用词”。
  • undermine为及物动词,意思是“暗中破坏,逐渐削弱”。归类于“通用词”。
  • out of touch为形容词词组,意思是“脱节,孤陋寡闻”。归类于“话题高频词”。
  • picture为及物动词,意思是“想象”。熟词生用。归类于“高光词”。
  • boom 为不及物动词,意思是“繁荣;迅速发展”。归类于“通用词”。
  • unprecedentedly为副词,意思是“空前地”。归类于“通用词”。
  • virtual为形容词,意思是“虚拟的”。归类于“话题高频词”。
  • upload为及物动词,意思是“上传”。归类于“话题高频词”。
  • pandemic为可数名词,意思是“大流行病”。归类于“通用词”。

4. 语法(Grammatical Range and Accuracy)

  • 第2句中,主句为主系表结构(Those are actually old-fashioned and even out of touch),主语后由who引导限定性定语从句;as引导原因状语从句;when引导decades ago后的限定性定语从句。
  • 第4句“make it + adj.”it作形式宾语,指代后面for sb. to do sth.
  • 第5句“it is…that…”强调句,强调原句的方式状语。