摘要:托福阅读中做好词汇题有时候不仅需要大家对词汇本身的掌握和理解,也要求考生能够结合文章中词汇上下文的逻辑关系来进行解答。那么具体有哪些逻辑关系可供大家参考使用,考生又如何通过逻辑关系来解答词汇题呢?来看本文实例分析。

托福阅读词汇题虽然以考察考生词汇量为主要目的,但解答词汇题考生需要的却不只是词汇知识。有时候即使大家认识选项中的每一个单词,却还是会出现选择错误,这时考生就需要结合词汇内容的逻辑关系来做出正确判断了。下面小编就通过实例来具体讲解。

托福阅读3种逻辑关系解答词汇题技巧实例讲解图2

2. 举例关系解答词汇题实例

举例是对前面的观点进行论证和解释,因此例子与其论证对象的特质相一致。表示举例关系的信号词有for example/instance, such as, like, including等。

例题分析

Paragraph 8: People decide whether they will act aggressively or not on the basis of factors such as their experiences with aggression and their interpretation of other people's motives. Supporting evidence comes from research showing that aggressive people often distort other people's motives. For example, they assume that other people mean them harm when they do not.

10. The word “distort” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. mistrust

B. misinterpret

C. criticize

D. resent

解析

后句中看到信号词for example, 则是举例子来论证前面的观点。后句意思为“他们认为别人想伤害自己,而事实并非如此”,可以看出是误解了别人的想法,那么前句的观点应当是“有攻击性的人经常误解别人的动机”,由此可以推测出distort为“误解,曲解”类似的含义,则选出正确答案B. misinterpret(曲解)。

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3. 转折/对比关系解答词汇题实例

一个句子中出现了转折或对比关系时,则转折词前后的内容相反。表示转折关系的信号词有although, despite, in spite of, instead (of), while, on the contrary, conversely, rather than, however, but, whereas等。

例题分析

Paragraph 4: But when a new area is fueled by rain, the mammals migrate toward it in a set order to exploit it. The larger, less fastidious feeders, the zebras, move in first; the choosier, smaller wildebeests come later; and the smallest species of all, Thomson’s gazelle, arrives last.

10. The word fastidious in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. rapid

B. determined

C. flexible

D. demanding

解析

本句中虽然没有明确的出现表对比的信号词,但是考生很容易发现the larger, less fastidious feeders, the zebras, move in first; the choosier, smaller wildebeests come later; 前后两句形成对比关系,其中larger与smaller互为反义词,则可推测出less fastidious与choosier同样互为反义词,则进一步推出fastidious与choosier应为近义词,choosier为“挑剔的”意思,所以选出正确答案D. demanding(苛求的),fastidious本身意为“挑剔的,吹毛求疵的”含义。

看完以上这些实例,相信大家对于如何用逻辑关系来解答托福阅读词汇题应该已经有了一定认识和了解,小编在此预祝大家能够顺利做好托福阅读词汇题,拿到理想成绩实现出国梦想。

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